The last ten years have seen a dramatic increase in the use of broadband. Wi-Fi is becoming the go-to technology for providing users with reliable and stable Internet connections. However, they are vulnerable to hacking because many wireless devices are attached to the same network. There are different types and security standards in place to protect gadgets. If you still have an active password for your Wi-Fi connection, there is one too.
Types of Broadband Security Protocols
Wired Equivalent Privacy (WEP), Wi-Fi Protected Access (WPA), Wi-Fi Protected Access 2 (WPA2) and Wi-Fi Protected Access 3 are the four protocols (WPA3). Let’s look at each of the protocols in more detail.
The oldest protocol still in use, WEP, was first released in September 1999. The Wi-Fi Alliance terminated it in 2004 in favor of its superior replacement, WPA, as it is the least stable and safest currently in use. WPA included more advanced features and a TKIP (Temporary Key Integrity Protocol), a 128-bit dynamic key that offered far superior security to WEP’s static, constant key.
Then WPA2 appeared. It was an enhanced version of WPA that used the counter mode cipher block chaining messaging authentication code protocol instead of TKIP (CCMP). When it comes to data encryption, WPA2 has surpassed WPA. For this reason, the Wi-Fi Alliance mandated in 2006 that WPA2 be a standard feature on all Wi-Fi equipment.
Since 2004, WPA2 has maintained its position as the leading protocol due to its enormous popularity. In fact, the Wi-Fi Alliance declared on March 13, 2006 that WPA2 was required for all future Wi-Fi devices.
The newest Wi-Fi security protocol, WPA3, began to be included with routers manufactured in 2019 and beyond. Its purpose is to protect open-access Wi-Fi networks from hacker access. You should be familiar with the following broadband security protocols. By accessing your device’s Wi-Fi settings and viewing network information, you can determine the security protocol used by your Wi-Fi network.