What are the different penetration testing methods?

Tech-led companies spend thousands of dollars to make sure hackers can’t break into their systems. Yet they still sometimes fail.

This is mainly due to two reasons; First, cybercriminals are ahead of them and second, their security measures are flawed.

Lately, malicious actors are targeting the healthcare industry. That is why he is expected to spend $125 billion for cybersecurity. Prevention is better than cure, right?

So what could be safer than attacking your own system to identify and deal with vulnerable elements? This robust technique is called penetration testingand this blog talks about its different methods.

External pen test

External pentesting techniques include vulnerability research and assessment to examine the likelihood of being exploited by a remote cybercriminal. It works by spotting information available to strangers by simulating an attack.

Meet the purpose of penetration testing, a tester tries to find and exploit vulnerabilities to steal sensitive information from a company. This is done to assess whether the implemented security measures are strong enough to prevent threat actors from gaining access to a system.

Generally, it takes 14-21 days to complete this manual penetration test method. However, the time frame varies depending on your system model, network range and bandwidth, and pentesting expectations.

At the end, the tester also submits a report suggesting rectification and additional security measures for the utmost security.

Common External Pen Test Examples

  • Authentication test
  • Authorization test
  • Client-side testing
  • Weak cryptography test

Common external test methods

  • Footprint: Used to collect maximum data about a specific targeted computer system, infrastructure and network. The goal is to find and penetrate weak points.
  • Checking for information leaks: When an application discovers sensitive data that an attacker can exploit.
  • Intrusion detection system (IDS) Testing: A device or application intended to examine all network traffic.
  • Password strength test: Measures the system password strength against hackers’ attempts and errors.

Internal pen test

This internal method is the second among the five network penetration testing techniques. It uses a distinct approach to dealing with attacks that follows the external attack.

The primary motive for deploying this method is to discover what could be stolen, hacked, modified, or corrupted by a hacker with inside access to your organization’s system. This person could be a cybercriminal, an internal staff member, or a third-party contractor.

After identifying susceptibilities, penetration testers attack them to determine how much of an impact they might have on the system.

Before appointing an expert who knows how to do penetration testing step by stepmake sure you know the following:

  • Penetration Testing Expectations
  • The defined number of workstations on a network
  • The defined number of servers
  • The defined number of internal and external IPs available

Items Evaluated in Internal Penetration Testing

  • Informatic Systems
  • firewall
  • Local servers
  • Wireless connections
  • Access points

Common internal test methods

  • Port scanning: Where an ethical hacker sends a message to each port and evaluates the responses to determine any weaknesses.
  • Database security check test: A manual penetration test method which checks whether data and resources are protected against attacks.
  • Administrator privilege escalation test: When a tester attempts to gain unauthorized access to systems within a security range.
  • Internal network scanning: Used to identify active hosts and services that can be hacked.

Blind trials

It is a results-oriented approach security methodology with comprehensive penetration testing. Testers are given very little information, which is usually just the name of the organization with no background details.

Blind testing provides real-time simulation to software teams. This gives them a fair idea of ​​how a criminal can enter and attack their system.

This penetration methodology allows companies to obtain the best information on the weaknesses of their IT structure. Although expensive, the blind pen test is very effective. It takes a lot of time and effort, with various penetration testing tools to plan and execute the entire exercise.

Double-blind pen test

With the double blind penetration test method, employees are not aware that a pentest has been performed. The hired hacker simulates an attack and monitors the response of employees. This method tests the team’s readiness for a real-world intrusion.

As one of five methods of penetration testing techniques, double-blind pen tests monitor security arrangements and measures, incident identification and response drills. This is done by carefully planning each penetration test step.

Targeted pen test

Ethical hackers use various types of penetration testing methods to help businesses secure critical data. in the target network penetration testing techniquethe hacker and security teams work cohesively to verify each other’s effectiveness and approach.

This is called the “lights on” technique, because testers are supposed to note the time in and out.

Target manual penetration testing methods provide real-time feedback on hacker progress and emerging attacks.

Final Thoughts

The first half of 2021 saw an increase of 102% in ransomware attacks compared to the first half of 2020. Alarming statistics like these are pushing companies to invest in cybersecurity. Nevertheless, always consider both the risks and benefits of penetration testing to make an informed decision.

Know the full scope of what is mentioned five network penetration testing techniques will help business decision makers choose the security of their system wisely. Whether you use one technique or a combination, pentests are only as effective as executing the final recommendations.

The post office What are the different penetration testing methods? appeared first on EasyDMARC.

*** This is a syndicated blog from the Security Bloggers Network of EasyDMARC written by EasyDmarc. Read the original post at: https://easydmarc.com/blog/what-are-the-differentpenetration-testing-methods/

Source link